Greenwich Mean Time GMT

adding commands to git

did you know that you can add commands to git by naming them right and placing them in your path?

if you put this:

git branch | awk '/\*/ {print $2}'

into a file called git-current-branch, make it executable and put it somewhere in $PATH (i use ~/bin which i’ve added to $PATH), you will be able to use it like this:

$ git current-branch

and bash/zsh completions will tab complete them too

that example would probably make more sense to be an alias, but what about something like this:


if [ -z "$branch" ]; then
  branch=$(git current-branch)

git branch -u origin/${branch}

ooh! or this, to show changes to a specific function:



if [ -z "$function" ] || [ -z "$file" ]; then
  echo 'usage: git log-function <function> <file>'
  exit 1

git log -L ":$function:$file"

i’m sure you can come up with something more useful

— chee ( 2017-01-12

Greenwich Mean Time GMT

building firefox os on a Macintosh

firefox OS, huh?

firefox OS looks cool, doesn’t it? For a while you were a bit embarrassed for Mozilla, seemed like they felt left out as nearly(?) the only major browser manufacturer who hadn’t built an operating system based on JavaScript.

but now you see we live in a defiant new world where CSS3 or 4 never existed and Internet Explorer is actually pretty rad. And in this world, Firefox OS (or Boot2Gecko) is possibly going to be what we all need and it will do what it promised and bring freedom to the world of mobile the way “firefox did to desktop browsing”.

today I saw a screenshot of Mozilla Phoenix and nearly cried my eyes out. Those were the days, huh?

horse’s mouth

read this, the canonical source for building b2g. I’m only here because I ran into a couple prollems you might like to avoid.

the issues I’m going to go into here may well be specific to the Galaxy Nexus build of Firefox OS, and building for the Galaxy Nexus on Mountain Lion. Also, I do a couple of naughty things when I’m working around the bugs. Forgive me.

the stumbling blocks are few, but they tied my shoelaces together when I was trying to build it, so here you go.

i’m assuming you’ve got XCode installed here. There are instructions on how to get that available via the link above and the link below.

first thing, install homebrew if you haven’t already because of some kind of illness you have.

once you’ve installed homebrew and added its bin directory to the the front of ur path, be all like:

curl -fsSL | bash

okay, so that’s boss. that’s installed a whole fireworks display of stuff you’ll need to build B2G. but, if you’re building for an android you’re going to need a couple more packages from homebrew too.

I think this should cover it:

brew install git coreutils findutils gnu-sed gnupg pngcrush repo

you’ll need a few gnu utilities available under their normal names too, so:

ln -s /usr/local/bin/gfind /usr/local/bin/find && ln -s /usr/local/bin/gsed /usr/local/bin/sed

this will prevent you from getting:

sed: RE error: illegal byte sequence
sed: 1: "/^INSERT$/ { :l; n; p;  ...": unexpected EOF (pending }'s)
target thumb C: dbus-daemon <= external/dbus/bus/desktop-file.c
sed: RE error: illegal byte sequence
sed: 1: "/^INSERT$/ { :l; n; p;  ...": unexpected EOF (pending }'s)
sed: 1: "/^INSERT$/ { :l; n; p;  ...": unexpected EOF (pending }'s)

when you try to build later with a sed that doesn’t work the way seds are meant to work in the modern world.

i like to

export PATH=$(brew --prefix coreutils)/libexec/gnubin:$PATH

too because then I get the GNU coreutils instead of the BSD coreutils. The BSD coreutils are simpler in a cat-v sort of way, but I am lazy and this way when mkdir is all “lol can’t make directory because directory doesn’t exist” i can be all C-p -p RET and it’s all “lol ok” and I’m out of there. because the gnu tools let you put the options after the arguments.

now you’ve got all that, install the Android SDK starter package. once mine was unzipped I put it in ~/Android and added ~/Android/sdk/platform-tools to my $PATH and I felt pretty good about it too.

give ccache a little more room to work with, I gave it 5GB

ccache --max-size 5GB

now, you’re working on OS X and you’ve probably got a case-insensitive file system. That’s gonna cause you some nightmares when it gets to building the android stuff. You’re going to want to create a sparse image and do the rest of the work in there.

hdiutil create -type SPARSE -fs 'Case-sensitive Journaled HFS+' -size 40g ~/omgFirefox.dmg
open ~/omgFirefox.dmg
cd /Volumes/untitled

next, clone the git repo and configure

git clone git://`
cd B2G
./ galaxy-nexus

that worked fine, right? good. and it only took 72 hours! HEre is where the first naughty thing happens.

if you try to build on Mountain Lion it will tell you “nuh-uh, you don’t got 10.6 or 10.5 sdk”, except it’ll pronounce it like this:

build/core/combo/ ***********************************************************
build/core/combo/ * No 10.6 or 10.5 SDK found, do you have Xcode installed? *
build/core/combo/ ***********************************************

i did a naughty thing here. i was all:

mkdir -p /Developers/SDKs
ln -s /Applications/ /Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.6.sdk

don’t tell anyone I did this.

okay, ready? let’s build!


please wait for the next half of your life until you reach an error that looks A LITTLE SOMETHING LIKE THIS:

/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c: In function ‘exec_conf’:
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c:469: error: ‘SIGWINCH’ undeclared (first use in this function)
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c:469: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c:469: error: for each function it appears in.)
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c: In function ‘main’:
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c:1051: warning: statement with no effect
/Volumes/untitled/external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c:1052: warning: statement with no effect

crying your eyes out? I would be. well it turns out that this busybox is pretty out of date. the new version has been updated to build on Mountain Lion, but this one hadn't. It turns out that nowadays SIGWINCH isn’t declared unless _DARWIN_C_SOURCE is set.

here’s the second naughty bit. i opened up external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c in a text editor and changed

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 700
#include <sys/ioctl.h>


#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 700
#define _DARWIN_C_SOURCE 1
#include <sys/ioctl.h>

around line 12. This will help us get past that error.

now you can try building again.


did you make a sparse image? are you doing the work in there? why not?

there’s a problem here if you’re using a case-insensitive file system (why do you do that, OS X? y o y?)

i told you to do that for a very good reason.

a reason that looks like this:

hardware/ti/omap4xxx/camera/../libtiutils/semaphore.h:30: error: previous definition of 'class android::Semaphore'
In file included from hardware/ti/omap4xxx/camera/inc/CameraHal.h:41,
		from hardware/ti/omap4xxx/camera/CameraHal_Module.cpp:28:
hardware/ti/omap4xxx/camera/../libtiutils/Semaphore.h:29: error: redefinition of 'class android::Semaphore'
hardware/ti/omap4xxx/camera/../libtiutils/semaphore.h:30: error: previous definition of 'class android::Semaphore'
make: *** [out/target/product/maguro/obj/SHARED_LIBRARIES/camera.omap4_intermediates/CameraHal_Module.o] Error 1

if you’re getting that error, MAKE A SPARSE IMAGE AND DO THE WORK IN THERE. now,


and we’ll hope and pray that nothing else goes wrong.

if you followed my advice about gnubin:

okay. was that seriously another error? omg. %z what.

it turns out, like a dick, android actually expects to get the old BSD stat; the homebrew version of status is no longer acceptable. you’ll want to take the homebrew stat out of the way for a moment, so you can get the mac version of stat. I did it like this:

export PATH=/usr/bin:$PATH



I hope that was a fair enough guide to building boot2gecko on mac.

quick recap:

  • read the mozilla wiki on the subject
  • install the necessary packages
  • get gnu sed and gnu find in your path
  • make a sensitive sparse image and get inside
  • clone the repo
  • fix external/busybox/scripts/kconfig/mconf.c
  • celebrate.

i’ll tell you this:

./ gaia

you need to flash gaia separately on the Nexus.

i love you, goodbye.

— chee ( 2012-12-08

Greenwich Mean Time GMT

Making git-svn work over SSH tunnel, SOCKS proxy + HTTP proxy

bad connection, worse VCS

At work we use svn. They say there’s nothing we can do about it. I thought perhaps we could burn everything. Subversion is a terrible piece of software. I would really rather merge two branches with a magnet than with subversion.

I’m on holiday in Portugal right now. The hotel advertised free wi-fi available in “all rooms”. I think the router is perhaps closer to Australia than to this room.

The gombuter the central subversion repo lives on is set up only to accept connections from a few whitelisted IP addresses. I forgot about this before I came here. I did say holiday up there, but that’s not quite accurate. I’m just in Portugal for kicks. When you work remotely, why work in any place in particular? Might as well be in a country full of nightmareish howling midnight jackal-dogs, hundreds upon thousands of hungry wild cats, upturned noses, sand and cheap wine. No need to be in a warm comfy bed at home when you can come halfway across the world to live in a shoebox for a thousand dollars a night.

So, first problem:

Subversion hates your guts.

% git svn dcommit
URL access forbidden for unknown reason: access to 'http:///' forbidden at /usr/local/Cellar/git/1.8.0/lib/Git/ line 148
URL access forbidden for unknown reason: access to 'http:///' forbidden at /usr/local/Cellar/git/1.8.0/lib/Git/ line 717


Luckily when I was getting my IP address whitelisted, I also got them to whitelist the IP address of my Linode.

I have a copy of the repo on the Linode, but it is out of date and I’ve made local changes and commited them and the connection is terrible and I keep losing connectivity and nothing about this seems tasty.

then I recall that I can use SSH to create some kind of a sexy TUNNEL and push through that!

Wear your lucky socks.

☀  chee@stickers ~ % ssh -CD2000 snaek
You have mail.
★  chee@zomg ~ %

I used -C for ssh compression, to halp deal with the bad network. -D 2000 to set the local port for the dynamic forwarding.

Then I open up my network settings over on the local side and tell gombuter to use SOCKS proxy on localhost:2000.

Then I look into how to get git to push over a socks proxy.

Chain my proxy to the bedposts

Things don’t go well for me in this hunt. So I decide to use a chaining proxy that presents as an HTTP proxy, and can pass off to a SOCKS. I chose Privoxy for my own private and mysterious reasons. They are none of your concern.

brew install privoxy
# or
apt-get install privoxy
# or
pacman -S privoxy # like a boss.

in my privoxy config, I set:

forward-socks4 / localhost:2000 .

to forward all traffic that uses the http proxy to pass off through the SSH tunnel.

Getting closer!

% export http_proxy='http://localhost:8118'

annnnnd…! nothing.


It’s still not working. So I spend some time reading about getting git to use an http proxy, and try a bunch of things until I realise I’m a moron.

open ~/.subversion/servers in your favourite politically neutral editor.

% $EDITOR ~/.subversion/servers

Talk dirty in subversion

now, I don’t have any other SVN things going on, so I was happy enough to set it globally:

http-proxy-host = localhost
http-proxy-port = 8118
http-compression = yes

stuck http-compression on too, because what the hell.

Now a git svn fetch and a dcommit and we’re flying~! hooray!

So, to recap

  • Set up an ssh tunnel on the whitelisted remote server
  • Start your local Privoxy, telling it to pass its traffic to the tunnel
  • Tell SVN to route its traffic through privoxy

On a side note, I no longer ever use a public wi-fi hotspot without setting up a tunnel and letting all my traffic go through that. I’m starting to realise I’m not the only person who ever found out how to install Wireshark.

— chee ( 2012-11-25